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Glass from the glassworks Victor Alexander


Coveted objects masterly art of glassblowing.

For generations, the Federal Republic of Germany is a center for the manufacture of high quality crystal glasses and glass products. Essential for the high quality is our experience and masterly skill of our glassblowers. Artists and craftsmen at the same time, they shape the glass, this fascinating material legendary origin,

to precious unique.

After centuries-old techniques to modern glass furnaces. The combination of tradition and progress.
 

The Early History of Glassmaking

 

No one knows when or where glass was first made. The first objects crafted entirely of glass were beads from Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt dating from about 2500 BC.

 

 

Small glass vessels That were neither blown nor molded but were painstakingly sculpted from solid blocks of glass have been found and are estimated to be about 4.000 years old.

 

 

The earliest glassware that still survives consists of pieces used to contain fine cosmetics and oils and was probably made in Mesopotamia.

 

Later glassy substances in the form of glazes were used to embellish objects made of other materials.

Egyptian glass vessels were made by applying a layer of molten glass over a sand core. After the glass had hardended, the core was removed, leaving a hollow container.

 

Egyptian vessels such as amphorae (containers in the form of columns or small jars) were often decorated with threads of glass applied to their surfaces.

 

The threads were drawn in decorative patterns across the surface of the glass while it was still hot, then pressed into the surface. Similar glass vessels, made by the same methods, were produced in Mesopotamia at about the same time.

 

In the last years of the 1st century BC, probably in Syria,the technique of glassblowing was developed. This technique made use of an iron tube about 5 feet (1.5 meters) long with a mouthpiece at one end and a knob for holding a blob of semimolten glass at the other.

 

The glass was shaped at first by simply blowing it into a mold. Workers could also blow a bubble in the glass and swing the bubble from the end of the tube or roll the glass on a table to form a shape.

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Glassblowing made possible new commercial applications of glass and resulted in the creation of magnificently decorated pieces of high quality.

 

 

Many of the techniques now used to make useful and decorative glass had allready been invented by the end of the 1st century AD. It was at about this time, in the Roman Empire, that window glass was first used and that the carving of glass cameos was perfected.

 

The Romans also adopted a technique known as millefiori glassworking. Thin rods of colored glass were laid in carefully arranged bundles while still very hot so that they would fuse together to make one piece.

 


It could then be cut into slices,all with exactly the same surface pattern. The slices were laid on a sand core and heated until they fused together to form a continuous shell.

 

By this time glass was also being produced in parts of the Roman Empire that are known today as England, France, Germany, and Spain.

 

After the decline of the western Roman Empire, in the 4th and 5th centuries AD, the craft of glassmaking waned in the West. However, the industry continued to thrive in the Near East, particularly in what is now Iran.

 

From the 8th to the 11th century glass of outstanding technical and artistic quality was made in what are now Iran, Iraq, and Egypt. Islamic craftsmen produced exceptionally fine relief engraving in glass.

By the 13th century the enameling of glass hat been perfected in Syria.

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